The Wallace Collection

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Théodore Rousseau (1812 - 1867)
  • Pierre-Étienne-Théodore Rousseau
  • Place of Birth: Paris, France
  • Place of Death: Brabizon, France
Works of Art

After an academic training in the studios of Jean-Charles-Joseph Rémond (1795-1875) and Guillaume Guillon Lethière (1760-1832), he embarked on a number of journeys through France, beginning with a trip to the Auvergne in 1830.

An admirer of the naturalism of many seventeenth-century Dutch landscapes, he continued for the rest of his career to paint the French countryside, particularly the forest of Fontainebleau, where from the 1840s he rented a cottage at Barbizon. Between 1836 and 1841 his broadly brushed, naturalistic landscapes were rejected by the jury of the Paris Salon, but after the Revolution of 1848 he came more into favour and he exhibited at the Salon from 1849 (when he was awarded a first-class medal) to 1867. However, he only enjoyed financial security in 1866, when the dealers Brame and Durand-Ruel bought seventy of his sketches.