Baptised on 10 May 1822 in Vienna where he studied at the Academy under Kupelwieser. He was an illustrator and cartoonist but became best known for his realistic genre subjects, often of military scenes. In 1852 he first visited Paris where the works of Meissonier and Stevens influenced him greatly. He became a Professor at the Vienna Academy and was knighted in 1874. He died in Vienna on 21 March 1889.