Hughues Taraval was the son of the painter Guillaume-Thomas Taraval who was working for the Swedish King from 1732 until his death in 1750. Hugues Taraval grew up in Stockholm where he was also first trained by his father. After his father's death, he returned to Paris and became a pupil of Jean-Baptiste-Marie Pierre. As a student at the Academy in Paris he won the Grand Prix in 1756 studued at the French Academy in Rome between 1759 and 1763. After his return to Paris, he became a candidate of the Paris Academy in 1765 and a full member as a history painter in 1769 with a ceiling painting for the Galerie d'Apollon in the Louvre as his reception piece. Taraval was known as a specialist of large-scale mythological painting working for the Royal palaces Marly, Bellevue, Fontainebleau, for the Ecole militaire in Paris and for the Gobelins.He exhibited regularly at the Salon. Like his father, he worked for the Swedish court. He became Surinspector at the Gobelins in 1783 and a professor at the Academy in the year of his death.