The Wallace Collection

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Antoine-Robert Gaudreaus (1682 - 1746)
  • Place of Birth: Paris, France
  • Place of Death: Paris, France
Biography
Works of Art

Gaudreaus was a French cabinetmaker who from 1726 became the main supplier to the Garde Meuble de la Couronne. From 1726 until his death, first as Ebéniste de la Reine and then as Ebéniste du Roi, he exercised a virtual monopoly over commissions intended for royal residences, much of which he subcontracted.
The son of a cobbler, he established himself in the Faubourg Saint Antoine, an area of Paris favoured by ébénistes, becoming maitre in 1708 and building up a successful workshop. In the 1720s he moved into the centre of Paris to the rue Princesse. During the period 1726 to his death in 1746 Gaudreaus supplied more than 850 pieces of furniture to the Crown, of which two-thirds was in walnut or cherry and was largely for everyday use. He also supplied much grander pieces, veneered in kingwood, palissander and amaranth (purplewood). Typically for the Regence period he mainly used plain veneers or marquetry with geometric effects. Commodes were an important part of his production; Daniel Alcouffe has counted 375 in the day book of the Garde-Meuble, making up almost half of his consignments, of which 111 were veneered, 252 in solid walnut and 12 in solid oak.
He did not work exclusively for the royal family but had important private clients including the marquis d'Antin, the comte de Clermont, the duc de Bouillon, the duc de Saint-Simon, the prince de Chalais and the duc de Valentinois.