The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Jousting armour
  • Jousting armour
  • Anton Peffenhauser (c. 1525 - 1603)
  • Augsburg, Germany
  • c. 1590
  • Steel, copper alloy, canvas, wool, leather and silk
  • Weight: 31.06 kg, total weight
  • Mark: three dots
    Mark: Pearled 'A'
    Mark: Augsburg guild mark
    Mark: Group of five dots and crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Screw-holes numbered with a punch
    Armourer's mark: Triskeles mark Stamped
    Mark: Two dots and two crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Three round marks
    Mark: Two round dots and crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Round marks
    Mark: Four round dots and crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Three crescent-shaped marks
    Mark: Five round punch marks (the right with four)
  • A47
  • European Armoury II
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Once part of a tournament garniture which would have included elements for several different forms of formal combat, this armour survives today in, for the most part, the intended configuration for the joust (apart from the greaves, which are for the tourney). This extremely rough sport, which involved a pair of fully-armoured combatants charging each other on horseback with lances in order to strike the other with as much strength and accuracy as possible, suited the muscular aristocratic culture in Germany very well. In the German lands jousting diversified to incorporate incredible levels of variation and complexity. Both jousts ‘of peace’ (Stechen) and jousts ‘of war’ (Rennen) were wildly popular in Germany, with many versions of each of these two primary joust classes being practised. Often one particular tournament event would feature several types of joust, each run under very specific conditions which determined for example the style of armour, form of lance, breed of horse and field set-up. Three of the Wallace Collection Peffenhauser composites (A47, 48 and 49) most closely represent armours for the ‘joust of peace over the tilt in the German fashion’ (Plankengestech nach deutscher Art). In this form of joust, the head was protected with a heavy close-helmet, the front of which was extended down onto the chest where it was bolted firmly in place. The left shoulder, the other primary target after the head, was covered with a large steel shield moulded to the shoulder and, like the helmet, bolted down to the body armour beneath.