The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
  • Pauldron
  • Anton Peffenhauser (c. 1525 - 1603)
  • Augsburg, Germany
  • c. 1550
  • Steel, copper alloy, gold and textile, etched, gilded and blackened
  • Weight: 1.07 kg
  • Maker's mark: The guild mark of Augsburg
  • A247
  • European Armoury III
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • One of a pair with A248.
    Each is composed of six pieces; comprising two narrow upper lames near the neck, a main plate, narrow in front and large behind, covering the shoulder blade, and three lower lames, those of the right one, covering the upper part of the arm only and articulated on a leather in front and sliding rivets at the back. They are fastened at the bottom by a strap and double brass buckle.
    The right pauldron is smaller than the left, which differs in having all the plates brought forward to cover the armpit. They each bear the guild mark of Augsburg on the second of the topmost lames. The edges are turned under and roped with close-set file cuts in the Augsburg manner. The edges of the lames are bevelled.
    Decorated with bands and borders of etched foliage with pairs of scrolls linked together on a blackened granular ground; the borders of the bands are roped and gilt. At the back, in each case, is placed a large scroll of foliage, gilt, in the manner associated with Anton Peffenhauser of Augsburg (see also A39) and the design on the borders is the same as those on an armour by him at Dresden. Compare also in respect of other details, A47-8 (by Peffenhauser) A44-5, 49, all of Augsburg make.

    All six lames of each pauldron overlap counter-tilewise. A hole on the top of each shoulder is for the nose-pin attached to each side of the gorget, but both shoulders contain original leather straps showing that they were formerly attached by buckles on the gorget. The bands of decoration are flush with the surface of the metal and not recessed.
    The armour from which these pieces come is No. M28 in the Historisches Museum, Dresden. It includes numerous pieces of exchange for the field, Freiturnier, and the tilt both in the German and Italian fashions. This armour is thought to have been recorded in the 1588 inventory of the Electoral armoury destroyed during the Second World War.
    The German Historical Museum in Berlin has a manifer of this garniture (No. G51.3624). The targe for the tilt in the German fashion is in the Hermitage Museum, Leningrad (F. Gille & A. Rockstuhl, Musée de Tsarkoe-Selo, 1835-55, Pl. XXXIX).
    A number of other armours are decorated with very similar designs. In all cases the ends of the uprights crossing the scrolled foliage are made like slipped twigs rather than more or less simply rounded off as on the Dresden garniture. An armour in the Musée de l' Armée, Paris (G64), has this decoration with, in addition, small flame-like projections from the outer edges of the bands into the plain surfaces. It bears the marks of Wolfgang Grosschedel and of Landshut. The right field gauntlet of this garniture is still at Vienna showing that it must all have been a Hapsburg possession at one time. An armour for a small boy in the Military History Museum, Brussels (cat. no. 112) is decorated with a version of this design. The fine bands edging the main bands are decorated with a chain pattern. It bears the Augsburg town mark in two places. What is probably the close-helmet for the field of this armour is at Schloss Ambras, Tyrol (No. WA403). This suggests that the whole armour was a Hapsburg possession. An unmarked armour, probably of Landshut workmanship, in the Musée de l' Armée, Paris (G73), bears a version of this design but without the small flamelike projections into the plain surfaces. Similar decoration, but on a larger scale, occurs on a burgonet in the Odescalchi collection, Rome (inv. no. 200; Carpegna, 1969, No. 56), and yet another version on parts of an armour for man and horse at Veste Coburg (Nos. I.A.3, I.A.4, I.C.474, and I.F.3).