- Possibly Valentin Siebenburger (+1564)
- Nuremberg, Germany
- c. 1570
- Steel, etched
- Weight: 3.43 kg
- Armourer's mark: The Nuremberg guild mark
Maker's mark: A shield with a plumed helmet between the letters F and S
Stamp: A pearled N mark
- European Armoury II
Images & Media
- Crinet, of eleven lames, the anterior borders chamfered, sunk and etched with running foliage on a black and granulated ground, well designed and executed. The top lame has the edges at the sides pierced for sewing in a lining. The lames are articulated on three longitudinal leathers, and there are straps and buckles on the second, fourth, sixth and eighth lames for attaching it to the neck of the horse. The final lame is boldly flanged and roped, and has a wider border of etched foliage and a second sunken band. The top lame, or poll-plate is stamped with the Nuremberg guild mark, and a maker's mark of a shield with a plumed helmet between the letters F and S. This is a variant of the mark of Valentin Siebenbürger of Nuremberg (1531-64), which has the initials V.S. and a plumed helmet. It has been ascribed to a contemporary, Fredrich Schmid. The crinet is also stamped on the inside with a pearled N mark, similar in style to the pearled A mark of Augsburg. Each plate of the crinet has been punched inside with a group of five dots to aid the armourer during the final assembly.
This crinet belongs to an important armour which may yet be identified. A crinet and a pair of gauntlets in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, carry the same helmet and F.S. mark, and the Nuremberg mark together with a pearled-N inside. In the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, there is a half-armour (Lenz, p. 246, I, 470); other instances of the same mark with the letters F.S. occur on the armour at Solothurn of Hans Jacob von Staal, no. 9; Museo Stibbert, Florence, no. 2533 (cuisse); Musée de l' Armée, Paris (fluted armour) G22 and G568 (crinet); and a crinet in the Bavarian National Museum, Munich. Compare a cuisse in the Musée de l' Armée (G435) which has F.B. See also Z.H.W.K.., II, pp. 156-7.
Valentin Siebenbürger worked in the house known as Zum geharnischte Mann, which still stands opposite Albrecht Dürer's house, near the Burgtor in Nuremberg. The shop was successively carried on by the master armourers Grunewalt, Siebenbürger, Wilhelm von Worms and Kunz Lochner.
According to A. von Reitzenstein the initials F. S. are probably only a variant of the V. S. of Valentine Siebenbürger, since it is unlikely that two masters would have been allowed to use marks so similar at the same time.
Friedrich (Fritz) Schmid became a burgher of Nuremberg in 1536 and a master in the Armourers' Guild in 1538 ('Ein Harnisch Valentin Siebenbürgers in französischem Museums besitz', Waffen- und Kostümkunde, 1973, pp. 99-103). For a note on Valentin Siebenbürger, see A163.