The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Rapier
  • Rapier
  • Caino , possibly 'Master S of Caino'
  • Hilt- Milan, Italy; blade- Brescia, Italy
  • c. 1620 - c. 1630
  • Iron, steel, leather and silver, inlaid with silver
  • Length: 114.3 cm
    Width: 2.6 cm
    Weight: 1.24 kg
  • Inscription: 'RSNRSNRSND'
    Inscription: 'SRNSRNSRND'
    Stamp: ''CAINO' written vertically, with crowned 'S' above
    Stamp: 'CAINO' written vertically, with crowned 'S' below
  • A560
  • European Armoury II
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Rapier, the swept hilt composed of a hollow cylindrical pommel (with button) formed of interlaced strap-work; oval, leather and wire-bound grip; straight crossguard terminating in knobs of pierced strap-work like the pommel; the escutcheon in the centre is similarly treated; triple ring, hilt-arms and knuckle-guard, a swept loop-guard joins the largest ring to the knuckle-guard.The guards inside the hand have been cut off, and, to conceal their removal, the blocks on the ends of the arms have been inlaid in silver on their inner sides. The centres have hollow knobs of strap-work like the pommel; the entire hilt is decorated with patterns inlaid in silver; double-edged blade of flattened hexagonal section grooved, and inscribed:

    NRSNRSNRSD

    on the one side, and:

    RNSRNSRNDSD

    on the other; the strong ricasso ends before reaching the hilt, where it narrows to become the tang, which suggests that the blade does not belong to the hilt. The blade is stamped on each side with the mark of Caino, the Milanese bladesmith. The crowned S is placed above the word Caino on the one side, and below it on the other.

    For numerous other swords in the Collection with the name Caino of Milan, see A516.

    Very similar decoration occurs on the sword hilt A563 and on the dagger hilts A788 and 800. For the bladesmith's mark see A559.