The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Sword with scabbard
  • Sword with scabbard
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Hilt- Saxony, Germany; blade- Spain or Germany
  • c. 1590 - c. 1600 (hilt (German))
    late 16th century (blade)
  • Steel, silver, gold, copper and leather, blued, engraved, etched and gilded
  • Length: 118 cm
    Length: 101.9 cm, blade
    Width: 3 cm, blade, above the ricasso
    Weight: 1.4 kg, sword
    Weight: 0.175 kg, scabbard
    Width: 20 cm, guard
    Balance point: 9.5 cm, forward of the guard block
  • Incised mark: Sun in splendour, the arms of Spain, a crescent and a crown Etched
    Incised mark: Sun in splendour, bundle of four arrows, a crescent and a crown
    Stamp: 'O' and 'T' in a crowned shield
  • A617
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
History
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Sword and scabbard, associated with the Saxon Electoral or 'Trabanten' guard. The military sword has a swept hilt composed of a hemispherical pommel and button, faceted to a decagonal section, the top overlaid with a silver plate engraved with foliage; modern wire-bound grip of oblong section; knuckle-guard and single curving rear quillon of octagonal section, swelling at the end and decorated like the pommel with an engraved silver cap; hilt-arms, side-ring and triple loop-guards springing from the knuckle-guard, the gaps between the bars filled with plates of silver pierced to form strapwork and fleurs-de-lys, and engraved with scrolled foliage. The steel parts of the hilt are blued. The blade is of diamond section with a sharp central ridge, carrying a narrow groove, the facets on either side hollowed. It is boldly etched and gilt with a sun , the arms of Spain, a crescent, and a crown, and on the other side the same, but in place of the Royal arms is a bundle of four arrows (las flechas), the device of Ferdinand the Catholic; strong ricasso ornamented with arabesques strapwork etched and gilt. It is stamped with an armourer's mark, possibly that of Toledo, which has been obliterated by the decoration superimposed upon it.

    Scabbard of wood covered with black leather, furnished with a lip on one side to engage the hanger, and two projecting tongues to cover to cover the ricasso; chape of copper, pierced and gilt, but this does not belong.

    Companion to the left-hand dagger A806.

    De Beaumont Catalogue, no. 30 and pl. 3.

    De Beaumont supplies the following note:
    'Des écussons semblables, gravés par la même main et accompagnés de ces mots: Pedro Gareta me fecit, décorent la lame d' une épée presque pareille à celle-ci et que possédait la collection Debruges.' This sword is now in the Musée de Cluny, Paris. Others with this signature are at Dresden (p. 81, no. 267) and in the Musée de l’Armée (Pauilhac Collection, ex-Estruch). Pedro de la Garatea (sic) worked at Bilbao and is mentioned by Palomares and Rodríguez del Canto.

    The mark which occurs on each side of the ricasso consists of the letters O and T in a crowned shield. It is either that of Toledo or an imitation.