The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Rapier with scabbard
  • Rapier with scabbard
  • Clemens Koller
  • Hilt- Scandinavia, possibly; blade- Solingen, Germany
  • c. 1630
  • Steel, gold,wood, leather and fish-skin, gilded
  • Length: 132.7 cm
    Width: 2.3 cm
    Weight: 1.39 kg, sword
    Weight: 0.115 kg, scabbard
  • Inscription: '· CLEMENS · KOLLER ·'
    Incised mark: Angel and cherub's head
  • A639
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Rapier and scabbard, the hilt made up of a pommel in the form of an inverted and truncated cone deeply fluted and with large button; grip of oval section bound with fish-skin; straight quillons of octagonal section with buttoned ends; multiple branched guards consisting of a hilt-arm, large double shell (fluted like a scallop), double ring, and a triple bar on either side joined by loops to the short knuckle-guard, which is of oval section faceted on the outside and ridged at intervals. The whole of darkened steel, the interior surfaces retain their gilding. Long blade of hexagonal section, the triple flute at the forte inscribed on both sides with the name:

    · CLEMENS · KOLLER ·

    Long ricasso bound with leather and bearing on each side the mark of an angel and a crowned cherub's head.

    The scabbard is made of wood covered with black leather tooled with lines, sprays of conventional flowers, trefoils and rosettes; pierced chape of steel, ending in a turned button. The mouth of the scabbard has been adapted to fit this hilt. This may indicate that the blade is also associated.

    Norman and Barne, 1980, pp. 44, 150 and 257.

    Other blades by Clemens Koller (or Keuller) are at Dresden, no. 691, which was given to Duke Johann Georg of Saxony by his wife, Magdalene Sibylle; and at Stockholm, no. 567, which bears the inscriptions Clemens Keuller von dem Engell on one side and Clemen Keuller me fecit Solingen on the other. For an account of this sword-cutler, see Weyersberg, Solinger Schwertschmiede, 1926, p. 26. There appear to have been several members of the family of this name during the 17th century, for in 1700 one of them was stated to be 25 years old. Others bore as Christian names Conrad, Johann, Paul, Peter, Stetzius and Thiel. Some blades by Clemens Keuller bear the mark of a ship.