The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Pallash
  • Pallash
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Hilt- Poland or Saxony; blade- Germany, probably Solingen
  • c. 1730 - c. 1750
  • Iron and steel, ivory, silver, copper and gold, etched and gilt
  • Length: 100.9 cm
    Length: 86.2 cm, blade
    Width: 3.2 cm
    Weight: 0.75 kg
  • Inscription: 'RECTE . FACIENDO / NEMINEM. TIMEAS / TANDEM . BONAM / CAUSA . TRIUMPHAT / NEC . TIMERE . NEC . TIMEDE / GOT . MIT . VNS' Etched longitudinally and transversely
    Incised mark: 'AR'; crowned single-headed eagle; insignia of the Arch-Marshalship and arms of Elector of Saxony Each within a circular panel. 'AR' in monogram.
  • A719
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
History
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Pallash, the grip and pommel made of ivory in one piece in Oriental style, rectangular in section and secured by three hemispherical-headed rivets of silver, the border being decorated with small silver nails; straight guard of gilt copper of rectangular section widening at the ends, the block of lozenge-shape extending over both grip and blade, the surface chased with conventional foliage in low relief divided by a horizontal band of roping. The straight blade is of polygonal section at the forte changing to hexagonal. The forte is etched and gilt on both sides with the following mottoes arranged longitudinally and transversely:

    RECTE . FACIENDO / NEMINEM. TIMEAS /

    TANDEM . BONAM / CAUSA . TRIUMPHAT/

    NEC . TIMERE . NEC . TIMEDE / GOT . MIT . VNS

    Within three circular panels are: (1) the monogram AR indicating either Frederick Augustus (Augustus II) 1670-1733, or his son (Augustus III) 1696-1763, Electors of Saxony and Kings of Poland; (2) a single-headed eagle displayed and crowned (Poland); and (3) the insignia of the Arch-Marshalship of the Holy Roman Empire and the arms of the Elector of Saxony.

    Hilt, Saxo-Polish, about 1730-50; blade German (probably Solingen).

    Jarnuszkiewicz, Szablia wschodnia i jej typy narodowe, 1973. Provenance: catalogued in the last edition as from the collections of M. Baur and the Comte de Nieuwerkerke, but the evidence upon which this statement was made cannot be traced.

    The hilt is of karabela form (Z. Bochenski, letter of 15 October 1963) and is Polish. The blade is probably of Solingen make. See also the inscriptions on nos. 624, 645.

    This is possibly the weapon of an officer of the Janissary Corps of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland, raised in 1729. They wore Turkish dress and the other ranks carried short swords of this general type.