The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Rondel dagger
  • Rondel dagger
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • France
  • c. 1400 - c. 1450
  • Steel, copper alloy and wood, inlaid
  • Length: 39.4 cm, blade
    Weight: 0.41 kg
  • Maker's mark in copper alloy
  • A726
  • European Armoury I
Commentary
History
Further Reading
  • Rondel dagger, with disk-shaped steel guards, similar in size and construction, placed at either end of the wooden grip. The grip itself is secured to the tang on each side by a copper alloy rivet with a cinquefoil head, and is inlaid with vertical strips of copper alloy on either side (one now missing). The blade is single-edged, the sides slightly hollowed; the back-edge has a central ridge, changing to flat near the hilt.

    The tang is quite narrow and pierces the centre of the grip. Similar copper alloy studs occur at the centre of the grip of a rondel dagger found at Queenhythe Dock, London, in 1979 (B. Spencer, personal communication, 1984).

    The blade is blackened by corrosion, but complete except for two nicks in the edge, the dagger having been found in a peat-bog. A maker's mark inlaid in copper alloy is present 2 inches (5.0) from the shoulder.

    French, about 1440-50.

    De Beaumont Catalogue, no. 76 and no. 83 ; Viollet-le-Duc V, 317-18; Demmin, 424, fig. 10; Laking: European Armour II, fig. 780; Peterson, Daggers and fighting knives, 1968, pI. 13

    Provenance: Louis Carrand (une dague à rondelles du temps de Charles VI trouvée dans les tourbières, 200 fr.; receipted bill, 25 February, 1868); Comte de Nieuwerkerke.

    Daggers of this type are frequently represented in illuminations of the first half of the 15th century, but actual specimens are not very common. Another is in the collection of the Royal Armouries, inv. no. X.1.