The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Cinquedea
  • Cinquedea
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Italy
  • c. 1480
  • Iron or steel, bronze, horn, gold, copper and copper alloy, inlaid and etched
  • Length: 50.5 cm, blade
    Width: 8.1 cm
    Weight: 0.83 kg
  • Inscription: 'DEVS · FORTITVDO · M[EA] I VIRTVS · SVPER · OMNI[A]' 'God is my strength, my courage over all'
  • A744
  • European Armoury I
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Cinquedea, having an arch-shaped hilt of horn, shod with bronze, plain except for a pair of mouldings at each side; curved flat guard; grip faced with plaques of brown horn inlaid with four circular ornaments in brass. The flat, tapering blade with three and two shallow panels from base to point, which appears to have been trimmed to a sharper angle than is usual; there are traces of etched scrolls of foliage on one side, and a bladesmith's mark 17.8 cm from the hilt. The same mark appears on A745. The gilt copper band inset on either side of the grip between the plaques is inscribed:

    DEVS · FORTITVDO · M[EA] / VIRTVS · SVPER · OMNI[A]

    (God is my strength, my courage over all)

    Italian, about 1480.

    Laking, European Armour III, fig. 852.

    The pommel-cap is rather less well made than usual. The punctuation marks of the inscription on the grip are flowers. As the strip is now fitted there is insufficient room for a final A in the inscription. The etching appears to be by an entirely different hand to that of either. The blade has apparently been considerably shortened.