The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Spetum
  • Spetum
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Italy
  • c. 1530
  • Iron or steel, wood
  • Length: 86.3 cm, blade, including socket
    Width: 51 cm
    Weight: 2.35 kg
  • Incised mark: pair of marks
  • A1024
  • European Armoury I
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Spetum or trident, with a broad, tapering central blade of flat diamond section and triangular shape; large, outward curving wings; ten-faceted socket (the side-straps broken off); round ferrule with knob at end of the staff. The blade is decorated with a circle formed of crescents and dots in the manner found on "Fringia" blades and some Italian bills. At the top are a pair of marks that may, or may not, be those of the maker.

    Italian, about 1530.

    Laking, European Armour III, fig. 904.

    Giacomo di Grassi, Ragione di adoprar sicuramente I'arme, Venice 1570, p. 108, called this type of spear il spiedo, which "I. G. gentleman" in 1594 translated as "lauelin" (fol. Q2). Boccia and Coelho (1975, pI. 138) illustrate a comparable weapon in the Doge's Palace, Venice, inv. no. 1416. They ascribe it to Friuli about 1480, and call it Spiedo allafurlana. ? Demmin, Guide, 1869, p. 466, No. 4 (Nieuwerkerke).