The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Wheel-lock gun with ramrod
  • Wheel-lock gun with ramrod
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Germany
  • c. 1615
  • Steel, copper alloy, gold, walnut, antler and wood, engraved, gilded, chiselled and cast
  • Length: 118 cm, overall
    Length: 90.3 cm, barrel
    Width: 1.5 cm, calibre
    Weight: 4.9 kg
  • Inscription: 'ЯR'
    Inscription: 'MD' in monogram
  • A1089
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Further Reading
  • Wheel-lock gun, with a heavy octagonal barrel with backsight and brass foresight. Smooth bore. On the underside near the breech the letters ЯR have been outlined with a fine punch.

    The lock has an external wheel enclosed in a case of gilt brass blade engraved with two supporters: a lion rampant and a griffon. The lock-plate is covered with brass tracery, formerly gilt, representing a mermaid among foliated ornament, the details of the design being rendered by punched dots. The release knob of the pan-cover catch is formed as a cherub's head in gilt brass, while the pan-cover itself, being in one piece with the interior arm, draws back with a slight downward motion. A strip of brass, engraved and gilt, secured to the upper edge of the lock-plate covers the opening left when the pan-cover is closed (see also nos. A1088 and 1093). A small brass member acting as a bridle between the screw of the cock and that securing its spring is chiselled with a female figure. The cock is engraved as a monster; a finial is missing from the cocking spur.

    Stock of German fashion, of walnut, inlaid with engraved antler in a design of fine interlacing scrolls and flowers, with reserves containing grotesques and on the fore-end a lion rampant. On the underside are the double eagle, Jupiter, and at the butt Venus and Cupid. An antler plaque at the ramrod socket is engraved with the bust of a lady in contemporary court dress. The butt-trap cover is formed of a single plaque of antler, engraved with Orpheus and Flora, and the monogram MD probably that of the stockmaker or engraver. Brass trigger-guard indented for the fingers and cast with ornament in relief soldered on, and at the back with a female caryatid figure. Wooden ramrod with antler tip. Hair trigger.

    German (probably Saxon), about 1615.

    The mark M and D conjoined engraved on the cover of the butt-trap is not recorded in N. Støckel.