The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Wheel-lock rifle with ramrod
  • Wheel-lock rifle with ramrod
  • Adam Schnepf (active between: 1677 - 1710)
  • Germany
  • c. 1680
  • Steel, silver, copper alloy, walnut, antler, horn and wood, chiselled, carved and engraved
  • Length: 110.5 cm, overall
    Length: 81.2 cm, barrel
    Width: 1.3 cm, calibre
    Weight: 3.64 kg
  • Inscription: 'Adam Schnepf'
    Maker's mark: A snipe
    Inscription: 'I. S.' Stockmakers initials
  • A1103
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Wheel-lock rifle, with an octagonal barrel, the top plane near the breech engraved with the name of the maker:

    Adam Schnepf

    and bearing his silver stamp of a snipe (Schnepfe). Backsight with two folding leaves and a finial pierced and chiselled with scrolls; brass blade foresight. Rifling of nine grooves.

    Lock. The face of the external wheel has a turned concentric moulding. Large, ring-shaped bearing-plate. The finial of the cock-spring is chiselled in the form of an urn and the left screw pipe of the wheel bearing-plate is flanked by a similar finial. The arm of the cock is chiselled with fine facets and mouldings, and the upper jaw ends in a cocking spur. Release button for the pan-cover catch, shaped and pierced in a form of shell ornament.

    Stock of walnut, of German fashion. The butt is carved with ornament in low relief: on the cheek-piece a representation of St. Hubert (?) with his hounds, by the lock-screws a hound in pursuit of a stag. Below the breech-strap is a finely-carved cherub's head and in front of the trigger-guard finial a grotesque mask. The butt-trap cover is carved with two greyhounds pursuing a hare, which is engraved on an oval plaque of antler. The free spaces filled with acanthus scrollwork. The fore-end has mouldings only. Antler fore-end cap, ramrod pipe and heel-plate, this last having a large, steel, protective knob ornamented with turned mouldings.

    On the top of the stock by the cherub's head are carved in relief the stockmaker's initials I. S. Indented steel trigger-guard with pierced finials. Hair-trigger. Wooden ramrod with horn tip.

    Austrian, about 1680.

    The workmanship throughout is of a high order. Compare A1102, the stock of which is by the same hand.

    Adam Schnepf, the maker of the barrel of A1103, was born in Brünn (Brno in Czechoslovakia) and trained in Vienna from 1677; he later worked in Moravia, and is last recorded in 1710 (Schedelmann, 1944, p. 41; N. Støckel, II, p. 1135, but with no record of this mark). The stockmaker's mark is not recorded in N. Støckel.