The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Wheel-lock rifle or 'Tschinke' with ramrod
  • Wheel-lock rifle or 'Tschinke' with ramrod
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Teschen, Silesia, East Europe
  • c. 1630
  • Steel, copper alloy, walnut, antler, mother-of-pearl, wood and engraved
  • Length: 120.2 cm, overall
    Length: 93.3 cm, barrel
    Width: 0.9 cm, calibre
    Weight: 2.1 kg
  • Inscription: 'F.P.'
  • A1107
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Further Reading
  • Light wheel-lock rifle (Tschinke), with an octagonal barrel widening slightly towards the muzzle, and engraved at breech, muzzle, and a point midway between, with much worn arabesques. Brass blade foresight, the backsight missing. The rifling is octagonal without grooves or lands.

    Lock with lock-plate shaped to the curve of the stock, external wheel and safety-catch. The borders of wheel and lock-plate are engraved with feathered ornament. This lock is modern, and not of the type associated with Tschinkes.

    Walnut stock inlaid with plaques and ornamental compositions of hares and hounds of engraved antler, and circular inlays of mother-of-pearl. The cheek-piece is decorated with a hawk attacking a hare. A circular panel displays a device of a star above clouds, possibly a rebus. The antler heel-plate, which carries a steel protective knob, is engraved with a hare and the initials F.P. Butt-trap with sliding cover. Wooden ramrod with antler tip.

    Silesian, about 1630.

    The lock, which has no works, is probably made in part from old pieces. The circular panel on the stock engraved with a star is actually an apple-like fruit, the star being the remains of the flower, and is found elsewhere on the butt. The initials are probably those of the owner rather than of the stockmaker.