The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Wheel-lock petronel with ramrod
  • Wheel-lock petronel with ramrod
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • France and Silesia
  • c. 1630
  • Steel, gold, walnut, mother-of-pearl and antler, chiselled, engraved and damascened
  • Length: 77 cm, overall
    Length: 53.3 cm, overall
    Width: 1.19 cm, calibre
    Weight: 1.515 kg
  • A1116
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Further Reading
  • Wheel-lock petronel. The barrel, octagonal at the breech, transitions to a round section. At the breech are three longitudinal panels, separated by ribs, chiselled in relief for a distance of four inches, with masks and caryatid figures on a matt ground, the decoration beyond this point being engraved. On the round part are lightly-engraved figures of classical warriors and foliage along the rest of the surface. The muzzle is finished with a small moulding.

    The lock incorporates an external wheel with a retaining stud at the lower edge. Release button for the pan-cover catch. Both wheel and lock-plate decorated with a simple engraved design of floral scrolls. On the lower edge of the lock-plate, which is rounded to the shape of the wheel, are slight traces of gold overlay. The lock is not the original one of this piece.

    Stock of walnut; on the left side of the butt an oval panel of mother-of-pearl is engraved with a coat-of-arms, quarterly: (1) a saltire, (2) three swans, (3) bendy sinister, (4) bendy. This is surrounded by a pattern of scrolls and terminal monsters in antler, and eight small flower-shaped inlays of mother-of-pearl. Other inlaid decoration consists of entwined monsters and terminal figures, always surrounded by fine scrolls and dots. Between the lock-screws is an eagle displayed. The stock shows signs of alterations to accommodate the present lock. Butt-trap with sliding cover. Heel-plate of antler, with steel protective knob. Steel trigger-guard with finger indentations.

    Barrel, probably French; stock, Silesian, about 1630.

    The chiselling of the barrel is 19th-century. The coat of arms engraved on the stock is probably also a 19th-century addition.