The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Wheel-lock pistol
  • Wheel-lock pistol
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Brunswick, Germany
  • c. 1590
  • Steel, ebony and antler, blued and engraved
  • Length: 50 cm, overall
    Length: 30.3 cm, barrel
    Width: 1.3 cm, calibre
    Weight: 2 kg
  • Stamp: Brunswick or Nuremberg mark
    Maker's mark
    Maker's mark: A star surmounting a triangle between two initials 'G.E'
    Stamp: Small mark consisting of a pair of exes crossed in saltire, the letter S in base, all in a shield shaped punch.
  • A1148
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Further Reading
  • Wheel-lock pistol, the barrel octagonal at the breech, and widening slightly at the muzzle; some of the blued surface remains. At the breech is the Augsburg mark and a maker's mark similar to that of A1149.

    Lock with external wheel, the steel case pierced with tracery and engraved. Cock roughly engraved with a monster. The end of the cocking spur is missing. Lock-plate blued and stamped with maker's mark consisting of a star surmounting a triangle between two initials, probably G.E. Safety-catch and release button for the pan-cover spring.

    Stock of ebony, with spherical butt, inlaid with strips and panels of antler engraved with strapwork and masks. On the nearside by the lock-screws are two mermen, one armed with a club and bearing a shield, and at the ramrod socket an antique head similar to that on A1149. Ramrod missing.

    German (possibly Brunswick), about 1590.

    The barrel and stock of this pistol closely resemble those of A1149. There is a similar mark, with the letters G.E. on either side of the star, on the lock of a pistol at Emden (Potier, no. 1277; Führer, no. 636), together with another mark.

    On the tail of the lock is a small mark consisting of a pair of axes crossed in saltire, the letter S in base, all in a shield-shaped punch. The two masks engraved on the antler plaques inlaid on either side of the barrel-tang are very similar to those of A1146 and 1149.

    The mark on the lock is N. Støckel, I, p. 352, no. a 3773, tentatively ascribed to Brunswick about 1560-70. It is also said to occur on a combined match- and wheel-lock, dated 1563, in the Tøjhusmuseum, Copenhagen, but this is in fact a quite different mark, Støckel, no. a 5963 (cat., no. B.73; A. Orloff, letter of 13 July 1983). N. Støckel no. a 3773 does however occur on a wheel-lock pistol in the Zeughaus at Emden, dated 1560 (Potier, 1903, no. 1277). The smaller mark on the tail of the lock resembles N. Støckel, II, p. 1243, nos. b 4432 and b 5609, ascribed to Brunswick about 1570 to 1590. H.

    Schedelmann describes the crossed tools as hammers and ascribes the mark to Nuremberg, possibly because it occurs on a wheel-lock pistol at Vienna with a Nuremberg mark on the barrel (inv. no. A 1012; Schedelmann, 1972, p. 57). It occurs on many locks at Graz both on pistols and long arms.