The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Flint-lock pistol with ramrod
  • Flint-lock pistol with ramrod
  • Johann Andreas Kuchenreuter (1716 - 1795) , (barrel)
  • Johann Christoph Kuchenreuter (+1742), (lock)
  • Germany
  • c. 1750
  • Steel, silver, gold, walnut wood, copper alloy and horn, blued, engraved and carved
  • Length: 40 cm, overall
    Length: 25.24 cm, barrel
    Width: 1.42 cm, calibre
    Weight: 0.836 kg
  • Inscription: 'I. ANDREAS KUCHENREUTER'
    Inscription: 'I. CHRI. KUCHENREITER'
  • A1205
  • European Armoury III
Commentary
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Rifled flint-lock pistol, the barrel of round section, blued and inlaid with scrollwork in silver. The flattened top rib carries a silver foresight and is inlaid in silver with the name of the maker:

    I. ANDREAS KUCHENREUTER

    Breech-strap of bright steel carrying a backsight with two folding leaves, one of which is engraved with the letter K, while on the breech-strap itself is the letter I. Multiple grooved rifling. At the breech end of the top rib is the maker's gold stamp, and on the left side the proof mark of Liège.

    Lock of plain bright steel, engraved:

    I. CHRI.
    KUCHENREITER

    Walnut stock carved with foliage round the breech-strap and ramrod socket. Horn fore-end cap. Brass mounts. Hair-trigger. Wooden ramrod with horn tip.

    German, about 1750.

    Johann Andreas Kuchenreuter (1716-1795), was a member of a family of gunmakers of Regensburg in Bavaria, famous throughout the 18th century, and still carrying on the business today. Johann Christoph, the maker of the lock, was the father of Johann Andreas, and died in 1742. The lock may therefore be a few years earlier than the rest of the pistol.

    The pair to A1205 was stolen from the Collection in 1923, together with the dagger and sheath A806.

    The barrels have fine hair rifling. The letter 'I' on the breech strap is more likely to be a figure 1. The lock has an internal bridle and a detent, but no external bridle for the pan-cover.

    The barrel-maker's mark is identified by N. Støckel, I, p. 650, no. a 635, as that of Johann Andreas Kuchenreuter II of Steinweg bei Regensburg in Bavaria (1758-1808), second son of Johann Andreas I. He was court gunmaker to the Princes of Thurn and Taxis in succession to his father, and was succeeded in this post by his son Johann Adam (1794-1869). A pair of double-barrelled pistols made for a member of the Thurn and Taxis family was sold at Christie's, 18 November 1981, lot 129, repr. in cat. The lock of A1205 is apparently by Johann Christoph II (1755-1818), the brother of the barrel-maker.