The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Kulah Khud
  • Kulah Khud
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Persia
  • 19th century
  • Steel, gold, brass, iron, textile (velvet)
  • Cartouche: Rustam-tabī’atān hama-rā sarī kulāh You are a helmet (hat) for all those with natures like Rustam
    Cartouche: ay khūd-i sayqalī tu magar mihr-i anvarī O polished helmet, you must be the luminous sun?
    Cartouche: ay khūd-i sayqalī tu magar mihr-i anvarī O polished helmet, you must be the luminous sun?
    Cartouche: Ya ḵẖūd ṣaiqalī tū magar mihr anwarī/ ya kās ḥaiyāt ja dariya akhzari/ Rustam t̤ibyasan hama zar kulāh sari/ Bahram sū latan hama rā zīn afsari/ Dāra bam’arr ki sad Sikandari/ mihrab irāḥat? āz tu’st bi ṣad Sohrāb/ ḥaq rā agar ba-zīr shamshir chā maikashi/ marjān agri chā ḵẖūn-rez tu jā ḵẖanjarī. Oh helmet you are polished, you are like the bright sun,
    oh you are the cup of life from sky.
    You are a golden hat of head, pure like the character of Rustam
    You are a diadem for everybody, like Bahram who was strength
    If Dara is in the battle you will be barrier like Alexander (the Great)
    There are hundred complaints to you because Sohrāb stayed at home (?)
    Why you killed the justice?
    If you are like Mars, you are more blood-shedding than the dagger.
  • OA1477
  • Oriental Armoury
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Kulah Khud or helmet, composed of a watered steel bowl that is decorated with arabesques and four large cartouches with Arabic inscriptions in gold false-damascening. The lower brim contains cartouches that alternate with Persian inscriptions and flowers that are all executed in gold false-damascening. The bowl is lined in red velvet.

    The base of the spike is decorated with four cartouches containing floral and arabesque patterns in gold false-damascening. The spike is large, four-sided and bears gold false damascened geometric shapes.

    Two plume-holders are riveted to the center of the bowl and flank a nasal guard. Their bases are leaf in shape with decorative edges. The bases feature arabesques in gold false-damascening.

    The nasal guard is secured to the bowl by a screw. It consists of a long rod that extends past the bowl and terminates, at both ends, in a heart-like shape with decorative edges. The ends are decorated with flowers and arabesques, while the rod is adorned with a scroll pattern, all executed in gold false-damascening.

    The aventail is connected to the helmet by large mail links. It comprises butted iron links with a design of diamonds and horizontal lines in copper alloy links. The aventail terminates into dags of varying sizes. Some sections are longer than others so that they drape down the shoulders. A ‘swallow’s’ tail is found at the back to drape over and protect the back of the neck.

    This helmet posses conventional patterns that were popular in Persia during the nineteenth century. It is similar in style and decorative program to OA 1438 and OA 1477.

    The velvet lining is most likely of nineteenth century European manufacture. This helmet is similar, with regard to workmanship, to OA 1438 and OA 2253.