- Cup and Saucer
- Goblet 'litron' et soucoupe of the second size
Manufacture de Sèvres
- Etienne-Jean Chabry (*1749), Painter
- Sèvres, France
- Soft-paste porcelain, painted and gilded
- Cup, Height: 7 cm
Saucer, Diameter: 14 cm
- Factory mark: Interlaced Ls enclosing 'R' the date letter for 1770 Painted
Painter's mark: 'ch' for Etienne-Jean Chabry Painted
Incised mark: 'da'
Incised mark: An indecipherable mark
Incised mark: '3'
Images & Media
- The European cup for drinking tea evolved gradually during the first half of the eighteenth century, adapted from the Chinese porcelain tea bowls in which tea was originally drunk when it became fashionable in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. By 1752, the Vincennes manufactory (the early name for Sèvres) was making a wide range of tea wares, many models of the early 1750s remaining in production for the rest of the century. Most cups and saucers could be used for tea, coffee or chocolate, often being sold with matching teapots or, more rarely, coffee pots.
From the 1760s there was a fashion for collecting differently decorated examples. Examples of this shape of cup and saucer, the 'gobelet litron et soucoupe', which were elaborately decorated or were made in miniature size were probably made for display rather than use. It is a measure of the success of Sèvres that domestic items were considered works of art as soon as they left the factory.
This cup and saucer has beautiful gilded decoration and superb quality painting. Decorated with an overglaze-blue ground, it is painted with pastoral scenes by Etienne-Jean Chabry. Both scenes are after François Boucher: on the cup two girls read a book about Love, taken from 'L’Ecole de l’Amitié' which was engraved by Jean-Marie Delattre, and on the saucer the shepherdess dresses her hat with flowers while her young shepherd sleeps, taken from 'Bergère garnissant de fleurs son chapeau et berger dormant', engraved by Gilles Demarteau. Chabry used the latter on other known pieces, and the engravings were used by other artists at Sèvres, including Charles-Nicolas Dodin and Antoine Caton.