The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
The Avignon Clock
  • Mantel clock
  • The Avignon Clock
  • Pierre Gouthière (1732 - 1813) , Case Maker
  • Louis-Simon Boizot (1743 - 1809), Designer, (model of case)
    Nicolas-Pierre Guichon Delunésy (active between: c. 1764), Movement Maker
    Joseph Coteau (1740 - 1812), Enameller, (dial)
    Pierre Masson (active between: c. 1767), Spring Maker
  • France
  • 1771
  • Gilt bronze, Levanto rosso marble, modern pink silk, brass, glass and enamel
  • Object size: 68.5 x 59 x 33.8 cm
  • Inscription: 'BOIZOT FILS / SCULPSIT / ET / EXECUTE / PAR GOUTHIERE / CIZELEUR ET DOREUR / DU ROY / A PARIS / QUAY PELLETIER / A LA / BOUCLE D'OR / 1771' Engraved
    Inscription: 'Delunésy / A PARIS' Painted
    Inscription: 'Coteau / 1771: 10 Oct.' Painted
    Inscription: 'RUE DE L'ARBRE SEC VIS A / VIS CELLE BAILLET' Engraved
    Inscription: 'Delunésy A PARIS / no 614' Engraved
    Inscription: 'Masson Janvier 1771' Scratched
    Stamp: 'DUVOYE BTE S.G. DU G'
    Stamp: '614'
    Inscription: '(3) 754 754' Scratched
  • F258
  • Oval Drawing Room
Commentary
History
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • The ‘Avignon clock’ is a spring-driven clock with a gilt-bronze case resting on a base of Levanto rosso marble on four gilt-bronze feet. The case is cast and chased as a rocky hill, at the base of which recline two figures symbolizing the rivers Rhône and Durance. At the top the clock dial is flanked by two eagles and surmounted by a coat-of-arms with a ducal coronet, while a female figure standing to the left of the dial and symbolizing Avignon crowns the coat-of-arms with a wreath of oak leaves. The clock was commissioned in 1771 by the jeweller Ange Aubert on behalf of the consular assembly of the city of Avignon as a gift for Jean-Louis-Roger, marquis de Rochechouart (1717-1776) who, serving as commandant in Provence in 1768, had taken possession of the city in the name of Louis XV and expelled the Jesuits. The clock case was made by Pierre Gouthière and the clock movement by Nicolas-Pierre Guichon Delunésy. The names of Boizot and Gouthière are engraved on the back of the shield held by the female figure of Avignon. Gouthière was paid six times as much as Boizot and twenty-five times as much as Delunésy, emphasizing the cost and importance of casting, chasing and gilding such an elaborate clock case.