- Side table
André-Charles Boulle (1642 - 1732)
- René Dubois (1737 - 1798), Restorer
- c. 1705
1755 - 1798 (Louis XVI style cassolette probably added during restoration by Dubois)
- Oak, pinewood, walnut (some stained black), gilt bronze and première- and contre-partie Boulle marquetry of brass and turtleshell, steel key
- Object size: 79.3 x 120 x 50.5 cm
- Stamp: 'I. DUBOIS; I. DUBOIS JME'
- Billiard Room
Images & Media
- This bow-fronted table is veneered with contre-partie Boulle marquetry on the legs and première-partie Boulle marquetry on the top. The latter represents Cupid on a swing riding on an elaborate triumphal chariot carried on the backs of two oxen, and makes several borrowings from engravings by Cornelis Bos (c. 1506-c. 1564). It corresponds to a composite engraved pull of the same design in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, which was formerly thought to be a template for cutting the marquetry of tops like this one, but which is now thought to be a pull taken in three separate sheets from an actual table top and then gummed together. The table resembles a drawing attributed to André-Charles Boulle in the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris, with some variations. This design reappeared, captioned as a 'Grande Table' and with a female mask on the drawer front, in Boulle's 'Nouveaux Deisseins de Meubles et Ouvrages de Bronze et de Marqueterie', published after 1707.
The marquetry of the top has several figures in common with that on top of a console table in the Wallace Collection (F56). It has been suggested that both types of table were amongst the seven made by Boulle for the duchesse de Bourgogne at the Château de la Ménagerie at Versailles, in 1701, albeit those were of much smaller dimensions befitting the young duchess.
Three groups of tables of this type have been identified; the first consists of tables that follow the Boulle drawing in the Musée des Arts Décoratifs quite closely and have tops, where they survive, that either show this 'Triumphal Chariot' design or the 'Birdcage' design found on another Wallace Collection table (F425). The second and probably later group are generally slightly larger and have female heads at the tops of the front legs instead of the satyr masks found on this table, while the third group are considered to be the products of mid-18th century ébénistes responding to the later demand for furniture in the Boulle style.
From 18th-century sales catalogues we can tell that tables of this type existed both as individual models and as pairs and they were designed to be placed on either side of a chimney, or between windows. The tops were of marquetry, as in this example, or of leather or marble. This table has been displayed as a pair with the similar table in the Wallace Collection (F425) since 1870, but they may have been together since the late 18th century since they share the same key for their drawers. The differences in height and framing of the marquetry tops, however, suggest that they were originally intended as single tables.
Stamped beneath the back rail of the stretcher is the mark 'I. DUBOIS; I. DUBOIS JME', the mark used by René Dubois (1737-1798, maitre 1755), who probably restored the table and may have added the cassolette of strongly Louis XVI character in the centre of the stretcher.