The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Flint-lock gun with ramrod
  • Flint-lock gun with ramrod
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • c. 1750
  • Steel, gold, silver, copper alloy, walnut, wood and horn, engraved, overlaid, chased, chiselled and carved
  • Length: 144.5 cm, overall
    Length: 107.2 cm, barrel
    Width: 1.6 cm, calibre
    Weight: 3.1 kg
  • Inscription: 'L.F.E.F.V.Z' Possibly Ludwig Friedrich Eitel Fürst von Zollern
  • A1122
  • European Armoury III
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Flint-lock gun, one of a pair with A1121, the barrel of round section with flattened sides for a distance of 6 inches from the breech, then for 1 1/2 inches polygonal, the round, broken by two mouldings 3 inches apart, for the remaining length round with a raised flat sighting rib. The surface is of a deep russet colour. Engraved and overlaid at the breech with trophies of arms in gold on a matt, silvered ground, and incorporating the arms of Hohenzollern inlaid in gold on a plain, blued ground surmounted by the letters L.F.E.F.V.Z. (? Ludwig Friedrich Eitel Fürst von Zollern) and a portrait bust in a laurel wreath. Between the two mouldings is a figure of Fortune. The sighting rib is engraved and inlaid at its commencement with a hunting frieze and for the rest of its length with scrolls and foliage. At the muzzle is a trophy of arms in gold. The breech-strap carries a backsight with a wide, shallow notch. Foresight of gilt brass. A brass disk at the vent.

    The lock-plate and pan are of gilt brass, the lock-plate chased with hunting scenes in very low relief. The cock is chiselled with foliage, also in low relief, the background being hatched with fine lines. The upper jaw and steel are engraved with foliage. The lock has no external bridle.

    Stock of walnut carved round the breech-strap and on the short fore-end. Mounts of gilt brass ornamented with engraved and chiselled decoration. The heel-plate finial on top of the butt is chased in relief with a boar hunt, and the screw-plate is chiselled with a stag hunt, the ornament in this last instance being pierced á jour. The scutcheon-plate has a crown above and double eagle below, the panel for initials being engraved with leaf ornament. The trigger-guard has an extension for the fingers engraved with a dog and cattle. On the bow is chased the figures of a sportsman, the background being cut away to leave the figure in relief. The ramrod pipes are faceted, the top pipe being carried on the barrel. Horn fore-end cap and wooden ramrod with horn tip.

    A1122 exactly resembles its companion weapon A1121. The end of the ramrod is damaged, possibly through becoming jammed in the top ramrod-pipe. A1122 is marked '2' on the stock under the barrel.

    German, Karlsbad, about 1750.

    Provenance: (?) Prince Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.

    A small piece of paper, used to pack the flint, was found, in the jaw of the cock of A1121 in 1938, and is inscribed: 'Mr le Mis de Herfort 2 rue Lafitte lundi mattin á 8 hre'. This suggests that the guns entered the Collection in the 4th Marquess's time, before it was inherited by Sir Richard Wallace in 1870.

    The attribution to Karlsbad (now Karlovy Vary in Czechoslovakia) was made by F. Hayward in 1963 (personal communication).