The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Kulah Khud
  • Kulah Khud
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Persia
  • 18th century
  • Steel, iron, gold, copper alloy
  • OA1621
  • Oriental Armoury
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • Kulah Khud or helmet, composed of a watered steel bowl with a riveted iron brim. The bowl is covered in a large arabesque pattern executed in gold false-damascening. The iron brim contains a tightly compact design of floral and foliate scrolls that are also in gold false damascening. Amongst this design are birds and animals that feature incised details.

    The base of the spike is decorated with arabesque patterns in gold false-damascening. The spike is four-sided and bears gold false-damascened flowers or leaves.

    Two plume-holders are riveted to the center of the bowl and flank a nasal guard. Their bases are leaf in shape with scalloped, decorative edges. The plume holders feature arabesques in gold false-damascening.

    The nasal guard is secured to the bowl by a screw. It consists of a long rod that extends past the bowl and terminates, at both ends, in a pointed, fanned-out, and scalloped-edged shape. Like the rest of the helmet, it is decorated with gold false-damascening in arabesque patterns.

    The aventail is connected to the helmet by large mail links. It comprises butted steel links with a design of horizontal lines in copper alloy links. . The aventail terminates into dags of various sizes. Some dags are longer than others so that they drape down the shoulders. A ‘swallow’s’ tail is formed at the back of the helmet to protect the back of the neck.

    The shape of the helmet and design of the helmet is of standard Persian type. The decorative program and the use of false-damascening were common in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. . A similar helmet is in The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s collection, 02.5.7.