The Wallace Collection

The Wallace Collection, A Family Collection, A National Museum, An International Treasure House
Apollo and the Muses
  • Dish
  • Apollo and the Muses
  • Martial Courteys
  • Limoges, France
  • c. 1580
  • Copper, enamel, gold, silver foil, flesh tints, red details, black underdrawing, gilding, enamelled and gilded, enlevage
  • Length: 56.7 cm
    Width: 42.1 cm
    Height: 6.2 cm
  • Signature: '+M.C+' In gold
  • C595
  • Sixteenth Century Gallery
Images & Media
Further Reading
  • The viol-playing god Apollo presides over the nine music-making Muses, while behind them two poets crowned with laurel wreathes converse. The winged horse Pegasus stamps to prevent the mountain from rising in response to the music. His stamping creates the Hippocrene stream, personified by the young woman below Apollo who pours water from a vase. The composition derives ultimately from Raphael’s Parnassus fresco in the Vatican, but its direct source is an engraving after a drawing by Luca Penni. Penni’s modifications to Raphael’s composition include the addition of Pegasus and the Hippocrene stream, both of which are associated in classical mythology with Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon, rather than Parnassus. The coat of arms suspended from the tree has not been identified.