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  • Bill
  • Unknown Artist / Maker
  • Italy
  • Date: early 16th century
  • Medium: Iron or steel and copper alloy, incised
  • Length: 76.2 cm, blade and socket
  • Weight: 2.55 kg
  • Inv: A930
  • Location: Not on display
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Further Reading
  • Bill, of the same type as A929, but the head slightly smaller in size. The face is incised or punched with a double rose with thorns on each side and crescent-shaped ornament. Near the back spike is stamped the maker's marks, on one side a split cross and on the other the letter S, and at the base of the blade the initials F L have been roughly cut. The socket is bound with two moulded copper alloy bands.

    Italian, early 16th century.

    This bill has been previously been described as English, no doubt on account of the Tudor-looking rose, but its form is that usual in Italy at this date.

    The first two marks occur on a bill in the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (Z.O. no. 4130). The first mark occurs on a bill very similar to A930 in the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Kienbusch collection, cat., no. 518, pl. CXXI).