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Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland
  • Daniel Saint (1778 - 1847)
  • Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland
  • France
  • Date: c. 1810
  • Object Type: Miniature
  • Medium: Watercolour on ivory
  • Image size: 6.5 x 4.4 cm
  • Inv: M294
  • Location: West Gallery III
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Further Reading
  • Louis was a younger brother of Napoleon. He married Napoleon's step-daughter Hortense de Beauharnais in 1802, and four years later was made King of Holland by Napoleon, though his reign was cut short in 1810 when Napoleon forced him to abdicate because of his pro-Dutch policies. In Saint's miniature Louis wears the white uniform of a colonel of the Dutch cavalry. The composition recalls the full-length portrait of Louis by the English-born painter Charles Howard Hodges of 1809 (Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum; SKA-A-653).